LAW ET JUSTICIA LAW REVIEW
VOLUME 1 ISSUE 1
IS LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF NUCLEAR ENERGY SUSTAINABLE ENOUGH?
Ms. ANUGYA JAIN,
Institute of Law, Nirma University
Nuclear power is a major source of energy production in India and across the world. It constitutes approx 16% of the electricity source in the world. There have been nuclear disasters like Chernobyl and Fukushima-that make us think more about the safety concerns involved in the process. Moreover, nuclear power can also be misused for making nuclear weapons which are a threat to the environment and humanity.
The recent incidence like the Vishakhapatnam gas leak reminds us to revisit the laws for the handling of hazardous substances. We have come a long way from the Bhopal gas tragedy, but there is still a long way to go. The issue of liability in such catastrophic incidents shall also be settled.
Several international bodies are engaged in regulating the nuclear power sector. Policies made by these bodies have been criticized on several occasions especially after the Fukushima nuclear accident and thus, it is important to see whether these regulations are sufficient and effective enough to deal with the delicate matter of nuclear power.
India also has its own legislation and regulatory body Atomic Energy Act, 1962 and Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB). Both the Act and the Board have been questioned and criticized from time to time, it is important to see whether it fulfils the international standards and principle of sustainable development.