LAW ET JUSTICIA LAW REVIEW

VOLUME 1 ISSUE 1

THE MIGRANTS’ EXODUS: EFFICACY OF LABOUR LAWS AND POLICIES IN INDIA

AUTHORED BY:

Ms. P. MEGHNA, 

Student,

Army Law College, Pune

CO-AUTHORED BY:

Ms. VAISHNAVI SARAVANAN, 

Student,

Army Law College, Pune

ABSTRACT

Migration for work can be traced back to as old as the medieval period, an era characterised by political, economical and social migration. Ever since, millions of people across India have migrated for work to far of lands to earn and prosper. However, the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 has caught these migrant workers in a spot of trouble not just medically but economically. The paper delves into the effects of the lockdown which was imposed to contain the virus but has resulted in creation of a tragic situation for the migrants as they struggle to survive. Covering the effects of lockdown on these migrants, this paper aims to explain the ground realities and their plight as they begin their journey home, back to their villages. The authors also describe the pitfalls in the existing laws governing the migrants and their work and compensations. The current predicament raises questions on the enforcement of the labour laws; whether the laws are sufficient to protect the rights of the labour in the existing conditions? What powers are available with the legislative to aid the workers? Are the measures undertaken by the Governments a mere eyewash? The paper attempts to answer the aforementioned questions in addition to a glimpse of the international standards and a comparative study of response of different nation to similar situation.

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