LAW ET JUSTICIA LAW REVIEW

VOLUME 1 ISSUE 2

CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN INDIA: AN ARENA FOR AMENDMENTS

AUTHORED BY:

DIVYANI DEEPTI, 

Student,

Chanakya National Law University

CO-AUTHORED BY:

ANJEETA RANI, 

Student,

Chanakya National Law University

ABSTRACT

This article analyses the criminal justice system of India, which has been consistent with its laws, provisions and practices since the British era. Even in the 21st century, the criminal justice system has not changed its ways significantly; however, it is a very base of a society. These institutions being the Police, Prosecution, Judges and the Prison have been vested with the duty to maintain law and order. For fulfilling this duty, they have been authorised with powers that are derived from the law of the land. The Criminal Justice system that we follow and are a part of is not pristine; instead, it's the one that has evolved from the system established by the British to strengthen their colonial game. In India, the Criminal Justice System is based on the adversarial form of adjudication, where the judge plays a neutral role. Our criminal justice system was a gift from our colonial rulers. With the advent of new technologies and scientific advancements, there has been a change in the way of crimes being committed and has also led to new forms of offences such as cybercrimes. These changes and advancements have also been espoused not only by the criminals but by the crime controlling agencies as well. However, despite all its endeavours, our criminal justice system still has flaws. The high pendency of cases, high rate of acquittals, insufficient human resources in the Police agencies and the low judge-population ratio have degraded its efficacy.

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